Bone Cancer-All you need to know

Bone cancer is a rare disease that arises from the cells within or around a bone. In bone cancer, the cancer cells arise and tend to multiply aggressively, destroying the bone in the process. According to Cancer doctor in Jaipur, they cancer may also spread in the body through the blood. It can spread to multiple organs like the lung, other bones, and tissues. The tumours in bone cancer can grow to large sizes, impairing the function of the body and can even lead to death.

Types of Bone Cancers

Based on the cell of origin, bone cancers can be of different types, the most common of which are:

Osteosarcoma: In this type of bone cancer, the cancerous cells destroy bone.

Ewing’s Sarcoma: In this type of cancer, tumours arise most commonly in the arms, legs, or pelvis.

Both of them are more common in children between the ages of 5 and 20 years. Other types of cancers like multiple myeloma and chondrosarcoma are more common in late adulthood and old age. Then there are the cancers that arise from other parts of the body, like the breast, thyroid, lung, etc., which may spread to the bone. These cancers are known as secondary bone cancers.

Common Symptoms of Bone Cancer

Patients who suffer from bone cancer generally show the following symptoms:

  • Persistent bone pain that is not relieved by rest or pain medication
  • Progressive swelling and tenderness near the affected part
  • Weakened bone that may lead to a fracture
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Fatigue

Diagnosing Bone Cancer

As bone cancers are quite rare, awareness about them is also poor among the people. Early diagnose by Cancer doctor in Jaipur is important for managing bone cancer. For proper diagnosis, thorough examination and appropriate investigations are very vital. A patient has to undergo investigations like X-ray, CT scan, MRI scan, bone scan, and PET scan.

Treatment of Bone Cancer

Numerous advances have been made in cancer management which has really helped a lot with the treatment of bone cancer. While high-end investigation modalities like PET scans and MRIs have made it easier to diagnose bone cancer, various limb salvage procedures help treat upper or lower limb cancers and pelvic cancer.

On the other hand, reconstruction techniques like mega prosthetic replacement, vascularized fibula, etc. are increasingly popular options today.  In many cases, a multimodality approach is recommended, which may include procedures like surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy.

The advent of new technologies and skills for cancer management and treatment has made early detection and cure of primary bone cancers possible. Care in Cancer hospital in Jaipur relieves patients from pain and to help to improve functioning of the body.