Effect of Anxiety on the Heart

When someone is anxious, their body reacts in ways that can exert an extra pressure on the heart. The physical symptoms of anxiety various highly like sweating, diabetes and high blood pressure.

Anxiety is often associated with the following heart disorders and cardiac risk factors-

Rapid heart rate – In serious cases, anxiety can interfere with normal heart function and enhance the risk of sudden cardiac arrest.

Increased blood pressure – If chronic, it results into coronary disease, weakening of the heart muscle, and heart failure.

Decreased heart rate variability – This leads to high number of cases of acute heart attack.

Different Types of Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety disorders fall into many categories. Here are a few of them:

Panic disorder – This is associated with cardiac disease. Feelings of extreme agitation and terror are often accompanied by dizziness, chest pains, stomach discomfort, shortness of breath, and rapid heart rate.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) – A condition that can follow a shocking or frightening incident or sudden, life-threatening event such as a violent crime, major accident, or heart attack.

Obsessive-Compulsive disorder – People with OCD have unreasonable thoughts and worries by performing the same actions over and over. For example, an individual obsessed with perceived cardiovascular signs that have been checked by heart doctor in Jaipur might research about it again and again.

Diagnosing and Treating Anxiety Does the anxiety you experience intervene with your family life or keep you from being productive in your professional life? Does it restrict you from engaging in the activities you like?

Cardiologist in Jaipur deals with such patients of anxiety and depending on the duration, severity, and type of anxiety, provides for treatment which includes therapy, medication or a combination of both. A common and effective method of treatment is cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), which involves three main components:

Anxiety management – The goal is to keep the patient from placing too much concentration on anxieties about the future that are impossible to control, and help the patient focus on the present. Anxiety management involves relaxation exercises, sensory focusing, and yoga techniques.

Cognitive restructuring –Cognitive restructuring which happens through patient-therapist indicates a series of logical steps that aims to prove that distorting events and situations is not a healthy thing.

Exposure therapy – It means exposing the patient to the activity or environment that causes anxiety. The successful outcome is attained when the individual can effectively manage the anxiety.