Interrelation between High Blood Pressure and Heart Diseases

What is Blood Pressure?

The body is supplied with blood through its vascular system, which is composed of arteries and veins.  For the blood to be pumped throughout the entire body, it requires a certain pressure, so that blood can flow smoothly in all the parts of the body. When the heart contract the pressure within the heart rises and blood pressure increases. This increase in pressure is transferred with the blood being pumped from the heart into the arteries.

The maximum force exerted against the artery walls required to circulate blood is known as the systolic blood pressure. As the heart relaxes, the pressure in the arteries reduces as well. The pressure in the vessels during relaxation is called the diastolic blood pressure. High blood pressure (hypertension) is present when the pressure in the arteries exceeds a certain limit. Blood pressure can be categorized based on how high the systolic and diastolic values are.

High blood pressure is usually asymptomatic. However, symptoms often arise when the disease has progressed to a point where organ systems are affected. Some possible symptoms may include: pain, burning or pressure in the chest, difficulty breathing, seizures, numbness, difficulty of speech, nausea with or without vomiting, blurred vision, nose bleeding, and drowsiness. According to best Cardiologist in Jaipur, blood pressure rises when the arteries are blocked and the blood can no longer flow freely. This is particularly pronounced during strenuous situations, as the heart must work even harder to supply the body with enough oxygen and nutrients.

How are high blood pressure and heart diseases linked?

High blood pressure damages the blood vessels by making them more rigid and damaging their interior lining. The damaged lining increases the risk of fat deposition, thereby limiting blood flow. Due to resistance of the blood vessels, the heart must work harder in order to supply the body with oxygen-rich blood.  Continuous strain on the heart can cause an increase in the heart’s muscle mass, and without enough space it cannot properly function. When the blood supply to the coronary arteries is compromised, insufficient oxygen exchange takes place, and part of the heart muscle may die. This is the situation called a heart attack.

High blood pressure often goes undetected. High blood pressure is typically first treated by top cardiologist in Jaipur when the vessels are already damaged and symptoms such as dizziness, headache, poor vision, nausea and/or vomiting, chest pain or difficulty breathing are present.

In most of the cases, blood pressure can be maintained within a normal range by following a health-conscious lifestyle and regular blood screenings, thereby reducing potential side effects.