Knowing about the Musculoskeletal System of the body

What is Orthopaedics?

Orthopaedics is a branch/ medical specialty that is concerned with the diagnosis, correction, prevention, and treatment of patients with skeletal deformities, ranging from disorders of the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, to that of nerves and skin. These elements make up the musculoskeletal system.

A human’s musculoskeletal system is a complex system of bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves and allows him to move, work and be active, basically to function properly.

Role of the orthopaedist

Orthopaedic specialists in Jaipur make use of medical, physical and rehabilitative methods as well as surgery and are involved in all aspects of heath care which relates to the musculoskeletal system. Orthopaedists treat a wide variety of diseases and conditions, including fractures and dislocations, torn ligaments, sprains and strains tendon injuries, pulled muscles and bursitis. They also treat conditions like ruptured disks, sciatica, low back pain, and scoliosis; knock knees, bow legs, bunions and hammer toes, arthritis and osteoporosis.  

Further, bone tumours, muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, club foot, unequal leg length, abnormalities of the fingers and toes, and growth abnormalities are also treated by orthopaedic doctor. Total Knee replacement surgery in Jaipur available in Chirayu Hospital in an effective treatment approach to manage with conditions like arthritis.

In general, ortho specialists are well-skilled in:

  • Diagnosis of injury or disorder.
  • Treatment with medication, exercise, surgery or other treatment plans.
  • Physical therapy to restore movement, strength and function.
  • Prevention with information and treatment plans to prevent injury.

Common Orthopaedic Problems-


This is a degenerative disease that largely affects the hands, ankles, fingers, spine, and knees. It makes the body difficult to perform everyday activities.

2. Fractures

As the age increases, the bone mineral density decreases. Reduced mineral levels results in weaker, more brittle bones. Strength training exercises are useful to increase bone strength, which reduces the possibility of fracturing a bone.

3. Osteoporosis

This is a bone disease that decreases bone density and bone mass. When the bone production process cannot keep up with bone loss, the bones become brittle and weak.

4. Dislocations

When a joint becomes dislocated, the bones that make up that joint shift from their original place. This commonly happens after a fall, in which the jolt knocks bone out of the joint.


Orthopaedic patients have been benefited from technological advances used by orthopaedic specialist in Jaipur, such as joint replacement, and the arthroscope that allows the doctor to look inside a joint. The treatment of the patient begins with an in person consultation and a physical examination which is followed by diagnostic tests such as blood tests, X-rays, or other tests.