Knowing everything about Endometriosis

What is endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue similar to the lining of the uterus (endometrium), is present in other parts of the body, commonly the pelvis. It is present due to the process of retrograde menstruation, where the menstrual blood leaks back up the fallopian tubes and enters the pelvis instead of just draining out vaginally. Once in the pelvis it can attach there as lesions, which is affected by hormonal cycles and can cause long-term problems.

How does endometriosis cause pain?

When this endometrial-type tissue is present in the pelvis, it causes irritation and pain. Sometimes it results into adhesion of structures within the pelvis such as the uterus, bowel, bladder, ovaries and fallopian tubes. According to the Best gynaecologist doctor in Jaipur, it can intervene in the normal functioning of the organs or cause pain during activities like defecation, urination and intercourse.

How does endometriosis affect fertility?

Endo is toxic to eggs released by the ovaries at ovulation. It can also cause blockage of the fallopian tubes, contributing to the infertility experienced by many women. Cysts called endometriomas filled with blood may form on the ovaries and interfere with ovulation.  Another huge barrier to conception is sexual pain, which discourages women from having intercourse. According to the gynaecologist doctor in Jaipur, this might adversely affect the sexual life of the woman.

How is endometriosis diagnosed?

If a woman experiences such a condition, it is advisable to visit a gynaecologist in Jaipur who would enquire about a detailed pain and menstrual history which assists him in distinguishing between endometriosis and other possible causes of your symptoms. There will usually be some tests involved as well, including blood tests and a vaginal ultrasound scan. Expert ultrasound is a great non-invasive choice for the diagnosis and staging of endometriosis. Women with severe endo and fertility problems can opt for having laparoscopic surgery in gynaecologist hospital in Jaipur.

How is endometriosis treated?

Endometriosis is a chronic disease affecting women in a variety of ways over a long period of time. The pain and infertility it causes can impact in all areas of a woman’s life: her ability to work, exercise or care for herself and her family. Also, her relationships, her sexuality, even her mental health and self-esteem can be affected.

The importance of self-management in endometriosis

To tackle endo, woman must possess knowledge about themselves and their own bodies as well as knowledge of the disease. Women must individually explore what is right for them in terms of:

  • managing their pain.
  • maintaining optimal health.
  • gaining best possible quality of life every day.
  • maintaining good quality relationships.