One of the most important organs, the kidneys are responsible for the removal of waste products from the body along with maintaining the balance of electrolyte levels as well as regulation of blood pressure. Thus, your kidneys are the filters of your body that removes excess water, toxins, and other impurities from the blood through the process of urination. Kidney diseases are some of the most common diseases that affect the health of individuals and is one of the primary causes of death among human beings. There can be several causes that can lead to the occurrence of chronic kidney diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure levels. Here are some of the kidney disorders that can adversely impact your urological health:
This is one of the widely found kidney disorders that affect people of all age groups. These occur due to the formation of solid masses like stones in the kidney and these stones are made up of minerals and substances in the blood. You can experience extreme pain at the time of the passing of kidney stones during urination. Only small stones can be passed through urine and large stones are often treated through surgery.
It refers to the long term condition that gets worse over time and primarily occurs due to lifestyle diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure. The condition cannot be improved over time and the kidneys generally end up losing their functioning. Dialysis is considered as the last option in such a situation and further, it can only perform the kidney function but cannot cure it. In a more severe condition, the patient can go for a kidney transplant.
Bacterial infections can occur in the urinary system and it can adversely impact the urethra and urinary bladder. Although these infections do not lead to major health problems, if these diseases are left untreated, the infection can quickly spread to kidneys leading to kidney failure. The patient suffering from UTIs can be easily treated with medications and thus, they rarely cause further problems to the urological health.
One of the inherited kidney disorders, polycystic kidney disease leads to the formation of numerous cysts in the kidney. This results in the enlargement of the kidney and your kidney lose function over time. Although these cysts are noncancerous and contain fluid, these cysts can range from small cysts to large cysts and can potentially damage your kidney.
This is one of the lethal diseases and occurs when there is excessive growth of kidney cells which finally leads to the formation of a lump or tumor in the one or both the kidneys. One of the commonly found kidney cancer is Renal Cell Carcinoma which occurs in adults and initiates in the renal tubes. The renal tubes are responsible for the purification of blood and the formation of urine.
Altogether, kidney diseases cannot be avoided due to bad lifestyle and eating habits. But you can take certain measures to prevent kidney problems like maintaining healthy body weight, drinking plenty of water to avoid deposition of minerals and other substances in the kidney, regular exercise, avoiding smoking and alcohol. Further, you should be aware of the common risk factors so that you can identify kidney diseases.