Neuropathy-Causative factors and Diagnosis

Neuropathy, or nerve damage, can cause a wide range of conditions such as diabetes. It is sometimes referred to as peripheral neuropathy, which is not a single health condition but rather a term used to describe a range of health problems involving damage to the peripheral nerves, as well as the symptoms of those issues.While the group of conditions is irreversible, one can take steps to help prevent neuropathy or manage it through diet, lifestyle, and treatment.The nerve damage behind neuropathy can happen in a variety of ways, affecting the nerve axons, myelin sheath or a combination of both, according to neurologist in Jaipur.

Health Conditions causing Neuropathy

The Foundation for Peripheral Neuropathy describes the following common causes of Neuropathy:

Poorly Managed Diabetes: The most common type of neuropathy is diabetic peripheral neuropathy, which affects people managing diabetes with poorly controlled blood pressure and accounts for about 60 percent of the total people with neuropathy in India.

Idiopathic Neuropathy: 23 percent of neuropathy sufferers are those for which no cause has been identified and hence, their condition is known as idiopathic peripheral neuropathy.

Cancer: Specifically, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy also cause neuropathy.

Dietary Risk Factors: Nutrient deficiencies, whether caused by disease-related malabsorption, alcoholism or an unbalanced diet, can also lead to neuropathy.

Vitamin B12 Deficiency: A deficiency of B12 causes damage to the myelin sheath that surrounds and protects nerves, explains the neurologist doctor in Jaipur. The nerves would not function properly without this protection. Sources of vitamin B12 include fish, meat, poultry, eggs, and milk and other dairy products.

Excess Nutrient Consumption: Getting too much of a nutrient can also lead to neuropathy as well. For instance, excess amount of B6 can be toxic to the nerves.

Exposure to Toxins in Food: Toxins contained in certain foods such as seafood, can also lead to neuropathy. Individuals with higher levels of mercury can cause neuropathy. Arsenic, another heavy metal, can also cause neuropathy if ingested in high amounts. Usually, this results from exposure via drinking water that has been exposed to industrial waste. Arsenic can be found in brown and white rice in trace amounts, but not at levels high enough to cause nerve damage.

Diagnosis of Neuropathy

There are a number of ways in which neuropathy can be diagnosed. Generally, the process initiates when the neurosurgeon in Jaipur notes down the patient history that includes a description of the complaints, as well as a physical examination to check the functioning of the area.

Following tests can be conducted to identify the problem:

Electrodiagnostic Testing: These include electromyography and nerve conduction testing, where nerves are stimulated and their responses are recorded and analysed for abnormalities.

Needle Examinations: Small needles are inserted into individual muscles to get audio and visual information on how the nerves supplying that muscle are functioning.

Blood Tests: These can be ordered to check for elevated blood sugar, toxins, vitamin deficiencies, hereditary disorders, and evidence of an abnormal immune response.

Skin Biopsies: A small incision is made to remove a sample of skin for examination. It helps to distinguish certain disorders affecting the small nerve fibres.