Heart diseases are counted among the leading causes of death in the world and the cases of heart attack and heart failure are more common in developed countries like the United States as compared to developing countries. Heart diseases are not limited to heart attack and heart failure, it includes a wide variety of other diseases under different categories. For instance, diseases related to blood vessels like coronary artery diseases, problems associated with heart rhythms like heart arrhythmia and genetic problems such as congenital heart diseases, angina, etc. Although several causes are responsible for the occurrence of these diseases, your unhealthy lifestyle can be the prime factor for poor heart health. Apart from these, certain risk factors can put you on the risk of heart diseases such as age factor, gender, family history, and race or ethnicity.
The heart diseases can be avoided through lifestyle changes, medications, and surgery or invasive procedures in case of extreme conditions. But the simplest way to avoid the risk of heart diseases is lifestyle modification as it helps you prevent heart problems in the long run. Be it a low salt and low-fat diet or a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, all such efforts help you decrease your risk of heart problems. Not only diet, but you can also prevent the occurrence of heart diseases through the following measures:
Cigarette smoking and excessive intake of alcohol can put you on the risk of heart diseases as it raises your blood pressure levels. Alcohol can also add to extra calories leading to weight gain. Thus, extra calories and being overweight double the chances of a heart attack.
Chronic stress can be a trigger point for heart attack as it increases your blood pressure levels and can put you in more difficult situations. Moreover, you resort to unhealthy practices to cope with mounting stress levels such as uncontrolled eating, smoking, drinking alcohol are all bad for your heart health. Stress management techniques involve exercise regularly, meditation to keep your mind calm and listening to music that brings peace to your mental health.
Do you feel tired and experience a headache? Lack of sleep can be a major reason for this and can negatively impact your health. You can be at a higher risk of diseases like heart attack, obesity, depression, diabetes, and high BP. Furthermore, working professionals due to stress suffer from sleep disorders. It is recommended that you should have at least seven hours of an undisturbed and sound sleep because this is the time when your body cells repair themselves and your body feels relaxed.
Being obese especially around your waistline can invite you to multiple types of diseases in which heart diseases are the major ones. Obesity can lead to high cholesterol levels with a potential risk of Type 2 Diabetes. Always keep your Body Mass Index (BMI) within the limits according to the proportion of your height and weight. If you are having a BMI of 25 or more, there are likely chances that you can develop obesity and other problems that can increase your risk of stroke and heart disorders.
With a busy lifestyle and improper diet habits, you can be at risk of heart diseases but regular health screenings at the right intervals can help you identify the causes comparatively earlier. Further, identification of Type 2 Diabetes is also important as it is a cause for silent heart attack. Thus, you can take necessary measures such as avoiding specific types of foods and including a nutritious diet that keeps your heart fit and healthy.